Rural Populations Health Determinants Disparities

Title: Determinants of Use Rate of Oral Rehydration Therapy for Management of Childhood Diarrhoea in Rural Bangladesh (Report) - Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

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Author: Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

Release date: 2000-09-01

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INTRODUCTION Diarrhoea is a major cause of child mortality throughout the world, claiming about 3 million lives every year (1). Globally, the disease accounts for 15-30% of deaths in children aged less than 5 years (2). Appropriate case management, which could be life-saving in most cases includes: oral rehydration therapy (ORT), feeding during and after the diarrhoeal episode, and use of antibiotics in cases of Shigella-associated dysentery (3). Not only does ORT prevent deaths from dehydration, in field studies, children have been shown to grow faster and to be better nourished when glucose-based oral rehydration solutions (ORS) were used consistently with adequate feeding. In this regard, better results were obtained when cereal-based ORS, such as rice-ORS, was used (4,5). Since ORT is a simple and inexpensive life-saving means, both government and international bodies have been promoting its household use.

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